Scientific profile of Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the 21st century

Latin American and Caribbean science experienced a favorable time in the early twenty-first century, marked by increased investment, human resources training and scientific production. The new configurations require new insights into regional science, the patterns of specialization and the countries...

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Autores principales: Santin, Dirce Maria, Caregnato, Sonia Elisa
Formato: Artículo revista
Lenguaje:Español
Publicado: Núcleo de Estudios e Investigaciones en Educación Superior del MERCOSUR 2020
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Acceso en línea:https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/integracionyconocimiento/article/view/29541
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format Artículo revista
topic Science evaluation; Scientometrics; Scientific profile; Scientific specialization; Latin America and the Caribbean.
Evaluación de la ciencia; Cienciometría; Perfil científico; Especialización científica; América Latina y el Caribe.
Avaliação da ciência; Cientometria; Perfil científico; Especialização científica; América Latina e Caribe.
spellingShingle Science evaluation; Scientometrics; Scientific profile; Scientific specialization; Latin America and the Caribbean.
Evaluación de la ciencia; Cienciometría; Perfil científico; Especialización científica; América Latina y el Caribe.
Avaliação da ciência; Cientometria; Perfil científico; Especialização científica; América Latina e Caribe.
Santin, Dirce Maria
Caregnato, Sonia Elisa
Scientific profile of Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the 21st century
topic_facet Science evaluation; Scientometrics; Scientific profile; Scientific specialization; Latin America and the Caribbean.
Evaluación de la ciencia; Cienciometría; Perfil científico; Especialización científica; América Latina y el Caribe.
Avaliação da ciência; Cientometria; Perfil científico; Especialização científica; América Latina e Caribe.
author Santin, Dirce Maria
Caregnato, Sonia Elisa
author_facet Santin, Dirce Maria
Caregnato, Sonia Elisa
author_sort Santin, Dirce Maria
title Scientific profile of Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the 21st century
title_short Scientific profile of Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the 21st century
title_full Scientific profile of Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the 21st century
title_fullStr Scientific profile of Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the 21st century
title_full_unstemmed Scientific profile of Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the 21st century
title_sort scientific profile of latin america and the caribbean at the beginning of the 21st century
description Latin American and Caribbean science experienced a favorable time in the early twenty-first century, marked by increased investment, human resources training and scientific production. The new configurations require new insights into regional science, the patterns of specialization and the countries and region scientific profiles. This paper analyzes the Latin America and the Caribbean scientific profile and specialization patterns in regional and global science between 2003 and 2014, based on input and output data. This research consists a scientometric study at the macro level, based on multiple indicators and complementary data sources. The corpus is formed by 643,222 articles and 8,231,334 citations of Web of Science and 274,335 articles and 513,903 citations of SciELO Citation Index, as well as by input data on regional science. Results show that efforts of the region are not yet reflected on a greater impact of citations. Specialization patterns show the region's adherence to paradigmatic bio-environmental and western models, with wide variability between countries. The bio-environmental model is predominant and reinforces the competences of the region, especially in Agrarian and Natural Sciences, while the Western model indicates the growing specialization in Biomedicine and Clinical Medicine. It is concluded that regional and global science of Latin America and the Caribbean complement each other, follow similar paradigmatic models and contribute to a broader view of regional science.
publisher Núcleo de Estudios e Investigaciones en Educación Superior del MERCOSUR
publishDate 2020
url https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/integracionyconocimiento/article/view/29541
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