Interacción trófica entre el conejo silvestre europeo y el ganado doméstico en el noroeste de la Patagonia Argentina

Main Author: Bonino, Never
Format: Artículo
Language: Castellano
Published: Asociación Argentina de Ecología; Argentina. 2006-12
Subjects:
Online Access: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12110/ecologiaaustral_v016_n02_p135
Table of Contents:
  • Se determinó el grado de solapamiento dietario entre el conejo silvestre europeo y el ganado doméstico (ovino y bovino) en la región andina de Neuquén, Argentina. A través del método microhistológico se analizaron muestras estacionales de heces y las especies vegetales identificadas fueron agrupadas en: gramíneas, graminoides (Juncaceae y Ciperaceae), hierbas, arbustos y árboles. Las gramíneas fueron el grupo vegetal más importante en la dieta del conejo y del ovino, seguidas por las graminoides; mientras que en la dieta del bovino dichos grupos también fueron los más importantes pero en orden invertido. El mayor solapamiento dietario se observó entre conejo y ovino, seguido por el par conejo-bovino y, finalmente, por ovino-bovino (62%, 60% y 57%, respectivamente). Considerando estos valores de solapamiento y el consumo diario de cada herbívoro, la equivalencia animal fue de 12 conejos por un ovino y de 86 conejos por un bovino. Los resultados indicaron la existencia de una potencial competencia trófica entre el conejo europeo y el ganado doméstico.
  • Dietary overlap between the European wild rabbit (<i>Oryctolagus cuniculus</i>) and the domestic livestock (ovine and bovine) in the Andean region of Neuquén province, Argentina, was determined. At every time of the year (except in winter) fresh samples of faeces of each herbivore were collected, which were analyzed through the microhistological method. The identified vegetal species were grouped in: grasses, graminoids (Juncaceae and Ciperaceae), forbs, shrubs and trees. The three herbivores showed to be mainly grazers; the grasses were the most important vegetal group in the diet of the rabbit and the ovine (45% and 35%, respectively), followed by the group of the graminoids (34% and 22%, respectively), whereas in the diet of bovine these groups also were the most important but in inverted order (50% graminoids and 31% grasses). The most important plant species in the diet of the rabbit was P. pratensis, whereas in the diet of the ovine was <i>F. pallescens</i> and in the one of the bovine they were <i>J. balticus</i> and <i>C. gayana</i>, almost in the same proportion. The greatest dietary overlapping was observed between rabbit and sheep (62%), followed by the rabbit-bovine pair (60%) and, finally, by ovine-bovine one (49%). Considering this overlapping values and the daily consumption of each herbivore, animal equivalence was of 12 rabbits by one ovine and 86 rabbits by one bovine. The results indicated the existence of a potential trophic competition between the European rabbit and the domestic cattle.